Today, the entire city is considered a memorial to the people who fought and died in the battle. It is believed that more than one million Russians perished, and a further 500,000 Germans, along with hundreds of thousands of Eastern Europeans and Italians. With so many bodies littering the frozen ground and the rubble of what was once Stalingrad, those who survived couldn’t find all their fallen comrades. Many of the people who died in the struggle have remained buried in the ground undiscovered. New construction efforts in Volgograd continue to uncover the bodies of soldiers even today. Volgograd residents have become strangely accustomed to the sight of skeletal remains when digging for new water pipes and laying down construction for new buildings.